Karen: Have you handed in the homework for social studies class yet?
Misato: Yes, I finally finished it. 27 Thank you very much.
Karen: No problem. Anytime.

① I couldn’t have done it without your help.
② I regret that I didn’t complete it.
③ I think I should’ve helped you more.
④ I’m sure I can complete it with your help.


Hiro: Did you see Jim Black’s latest movie?
Debbie: Yes, I did. The story was outstanding, but ….
Hiro: What was wrong?
Debbie: Well, his acting was 28. I can’t believe that the studio cast him in that role.
Hiro: That’s a shame.

① anything but excellent
② far from unacceptable
③ unexpectedly wonderful
④ well above average


問1 27 正解 ①
ミサト:はい、私はついにそれを終えました。27 ありがとうございます。
① あなたの助けがなければ、私はそれを終えることができなかったでしょう。
② 私はそれを完成させなかったことを後悔している。
③ 私はあなたをもっと手助けすべきだったと思います。
④ 私はきっとあなたの助けを借りてそれを完成させることができます。

問2 28 正解 ①
① まったく優れていませんでした
② 受け入れられないものではまったくありませんでした
③ 意外と素晴らしかったです
④ 平均を大きく上回るものでした




問1 29

In recent years the number of houses in forested areas has increased greatly. This has caused problems for forest managers in dealing with forest fires. ①They used to allow natural forest fires to burn freely because they cleared excess forest growth.To keep homes in or near forests safe, they now try to prevent fires from spreading.When escaping from fires, smoke and gases should be avoided because they contain harmful chemicals.The continued control of such fires, however, allows dry, dead leaves to gather on the ground. If a fire occurs, it becomes more difficult and dangerous for them to control it. Thus, forest managers must constantly try to adapt their strategies to meet the needs of humans living in ever closer contact with nature.

問2 30

Collecting physical information on your body’s health is as simple as putting a piece of tape on your arm. This is an achievement of bioelectronics, one of the fields of science. ①Small body-data collecting devices, which can be attached to your body, have been developed.The information is sent to your smartphone in real time.When you get data about your body, you can take action about your health immediately.So, you can try not to go to see your doctor to save on household expenses. By knowing your body’s condition, you can be warned of a potential health issue, which then can be treated. Thanks to the information detected by such devices, you may have a longer, healthier life.

問3 31

People can show courage in dangerous situations. For example, someone pulling an injured person out of a crashed car after an accident is considered brave. However, people do not need to be in dangerous situations to show courage; they can do it in any type of situation. I will give you the example of my friend Sophie. ①Even though she was afraid of flying, she boarded a plane for the first time to see her parents.She knew that her parents had never flown even though they were not afraid of flying.Her fear was based on her belief that such a big and heavy machine should not be able to fly in the air.Before getting on the plane, she was shaking with fear, but she overcame that feeling. I think that Sophie getting on the plane was as courageous as someone taking a risk to help at the scene of a traffic accident.


問1 29 正解 ③

問2 30 正解 ④

問3 31 正解 ②




Teacher: Good afternoon, and welcome to the career seminar. Our guest speaker is Nelma Azevedo, a journalist for a national newspaper. She is going to talk about some personal and professional requirements for becoming a journalist. Nelma, would you tell the students what they need to know to become journalists?
Nelma: Well, firstly I want to say that to become a journalist, you need to enjoy both reading and writing. You should be the kind of person who likes to read every day. You should also be reading a variety of materials such as newspapers, magazines, online articles, and literary works. Reading every day will help expand your vocabulary and keep you up to date with the news. The same is true for writing. By writing a little each day, you can practice and improve your writing skills. Also, you should experiment with various writing styles. Writing daily is a good habit to get into and may help you find a style that suits you. Many professional journalists kept diaries when they were younger as a way to make sure that they wrote on a daily basis.
Teacher: So Nelma, you are recommending that students interested in journalism should 32.

① be aware of current ways to increase their vocabulary
② engage in daily reading and writing practice
③ read the diaries written by professional journalists
④ try to write interesting newspaper articles

Nelma: Yes, I am. And secondly, I’d like to offer some advice on the different types of journalism and the different requirements. Journalists work in all areas of media including newspapers, magazines, and television. Journalists do different jobs and get paid very different salaries. So, it is important to decide which type of journalist you want to be and learn the skills that will help you in your selected field. For example, if you are interested in photo journalism for magazines, you should always carry a camera and develop your ability in photography. For those interested in the field of online journalism, knowledge of how the Internet functions is essential these days. If television journalism is your area of interest, then understanding how news shows are produced will be helpful.
Teacher: That’s really useful information. You are suggesting that students who are interested in journalism as a career should 33.

① become a field journalist for a national newspaper
② consider what is needed for a chosen area of journalism
③ gain experience in a variety of fields of journalism first
④ improve various styles of journalism in advance

Teacher: Is there any other information that you think is important for our students to know?
Nelma: Actually, there is. There are three rules that journalists should follow. The first is “be impartial.” This means that you should report on all sides of a story and not just take one side, even if that side appears to be right. The second rule is “be timely.” Journalism happens in the immediate present, so if you are reporting on historical events, there needs to be a connection with current events. It also means that journalists have to be good at working under time pressure to meet deadlines and keep information up to date. The last and most important rule is “stick to the facts.” The information reported must be truthful. Good journalists always check and then double-check their facts. If you follow these three rules, then you will surely become a good journalist.
Teacher: Thanks, Nelma. But isn’t it true that many journalists, even some really famous ones, decide not to follow the impartiality rule? And isn’t there a case to be made in defense of journalists who are partial?
Nelma: It is true that many such journalists do exist. However, if you are aiming to be trusted by the general public, it is important to show that you are impartial.
Teacher: Yes, I see your point. So, you are saying that those who want to be reliable journalists need to 34.

① decide which side of a story to report on
② focus their reporting on general public stories
③ take their time when reporting on a story
④ treat all aspects of a story with fairness

Teacher: Thank you, Nelma. You have given the students a lot to think about. Now, any questions so far?


正解 32 ② 33 ② 34

① 自分たちの語彙を増やすための現在の方法を知っている
② 毎日読み書きの練習をする
③ プロのジャーナリストによって書かれた日記を読む
④ おもしろい新聞記事を書いてみる


① 全国紙で現場のジャーナリストになる
② ジャーナリズムの選択した分野に必要なものを検討する
③ まずジャーナリズムの様々な分野で経験を積む
④ 事前に様々なジャーナリズムの表現方法を向上させる


① 記事をどちら側で報道するかを決める
② 一般大衆の記事に彼らの報道を集中させる
③ 記事を報道するときは時間をかける
④ 記事のあらゆる面を公平に扱う